Racial Profiling Training Requirements for Peace Officers
In Missouri, licensed peace officers with the authority to make traffic stops must obtain three hours of racial profiling training during every three year continuing education reporting period. Therefore, an officer may choose to obtain all three hours of racial profiling training in any one year, instead of receiving one hour each year, as had been required until 2008.
What does this mean for commissioned peace officers and law enforcement agencies?
- All commissioned peace officers with the authority to enforce motor vehicle/traffic laws, regardless of whether they actually make traffic stops, must attend three hours of racial profiling training each three year Continuing Law Enforcement Education (CLEE) reporting period.
- Peace officers who have no authority to make traffic stops are exempt from this training requirement. For example, Missouri Division of Liquor Control Agents have no authority to make traffic stops, therefore, they are not required to complete racial profiling training.
- All racial profiling training used to meet this requirement must either be obtained from a licensed/approved provider of continuing education, a training provider that has obtained a POST control number, or by the officer’s commissioning agency, provided that the course has been submitted to POST for preapproval.
If a law enforcement agency wants to provide racial profiling training to its officers through in-service training, it must submit the course to POST for approval before the training is delivered. There is no cost to the agency for this course approval. The specific course formatting requirements can be found on the POST forms page.
- The mandated statutory learning objective for racial profiling is as follows: “The training shall promote understanding and respect for racial and cultural differences and the use of effective, non-combative methods for carrying out law enforcement duties in a racially and culturally diverse environment.” The training can be tailored for patrol officers, first-line supervisors, command staff officers or top administrators.
- The racial profiling training requirement is part of the 48-hour CLEE requirement, not in addition to it. Depending on how the course is constructed, it may also be used to meet the core CLEE requirements of legal studies, interpersonal perspectives, technical studies or skill development. The certificates of completion will reflect this two-part usage
If there are any questions about these racial profiling requirements, or any other CLEE training requirements, please contact a representative of the POST Program at (573) 751-4905, or [email protected].